4.2 EXAMPLES OF FAILURES TO CONSTRUCT, MAINTAIN
WILDLIFE-FRIENDLY DEVELOPMENTS


A number of agency management recommendations or directives regarding the provision of water for wildlife during most months of the year and the provision and maintenance of wildlife escape devices in livestock developments were presented in earlier report sections. Recommendations included the following examples:

  • …the primary beneficiaries of the livestock water should agree to provide wildlife waters during times livestock is not present (except for winter months). (Sherrets 1989)
  • Range improvements will include needs for wildlife. (Sawtooth National Forest Plan)
  • Water Catchments, Springs, Pipelines, Troughs - Requirements include periodic inspection, repair or replacement of worn or damaged parts, repair of leaks, removing trash or silt, repainting tanks (if they were originally painted), repair of associated fences if appropriate…winterizing the facility, maintaining water flows during agreed-upon times, and maintaining wildlife escape ramps. (BLM Handbook 1987)
  • Wildlife escape devices will be installed on all troughs and tanks. Range improvements will be designed to achieve watershed, wildlife, and range objectives. Wildlife provisions will be incorporated into all future fence proposals. (Jarbidge The RMP 1987)

Prior report sections have provided discussion and photographs depicting the impacts of livestock water development to a wide variety of natural habitat values. Previous sections have also introduced issues regarding the provision of water for wildlife and the provision of functional escape devices. The specific purpose of this section is to provide the reader/viewer with a more in depth look at whether or not agencies and their livestock permittees are consistently providing wildlife-friendly livestock developments by: a) providing waters throughout the grazing months (regardless of livestock presence within a unit), and b) providing functional wildlife access or escape devices.

Most developments pictured on the following pages are troughs or tanks located in southern Idaho and are only representative sites. In viewing these troughs or tanks and their readily observable impacts, consider the potential for serious cumulative impacts to wildlife and wildlife habitats based upon the thousands of livestock water developments that exist across our western rangelands. Some photos are extremely graphic and may be emotionally distressing. Please understand that the intent of this section is to provide the reader/viewer with an overview of the extent to which wildlife may be impacted by water developments. Photographs (use links to figures at right) in this subsection were obtained during the 2003 grazing season. With the exception of close-ups and photos from repeat visits to the Pleasantview Hills (following promises by the BLM to remedy wildlife drowning issues in approximately 80 troughs) individual troughs appear only once within this report subsection.

FIGURES

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